Network planning and optimization are a set of best practices used to improve different networks(GSM, EDGE, GPRS, WCDMA, HSPA, HSPA +, CDMA, UMTS, WiMAX, Lora, LTE, LTE-A, NR SA, NR NSA) performance. A variety of analytical tools and techniques can be used to collect, post-process, monitor, and improve network performance such as Coverage area performance, User download speed, packet latency, packet loss monitoring, and bandwidth management, etc.

There are two ways of measuring network performance – passive and active. Passive measurement tools monitor applications that are already on the network, gathering performance data metrics and attributes. this gives a realistic representation of real-time conditions since it focuses on real apps. There is also no danger of network disruption, as there is no additional traffic

Active measurement tools generate data tailored to baseline performance. This does require additional traffic, so must be scheduled at appropriate times of the day.